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Tuesday، 16 January 2018
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The concept of sustainable development and architecture

Mahnaz MahmoodiThe concept of sustainable development that was commonly used in the world s scientific communities is termed as one of quality and tends to handle the qualities of life; Its aim is also to enhance the standards of living for the successors.
A notion of sustainable development possesses deep contents in three ranges: 1. Environmental sustainability 2. Economic sustainability 3.Social sustainability.

In order to realize these aims of sustainable development, it is necessary to attach much importance to it if it is interacted to architecture. It is obvious that the ecological problems have made the architects find a remedy to prevent the threats of these problems from endangering man s future. The notion of a sustainable environment is to sustain the earth to the coming generations in its best form. According to this definition, the human practices can be sustained only when they would be carried out without any loss or dimination of natural resources or degraded environment.
© Jonathan Zimmerman, Architect- Sustainable architecture includes innovative designs or a thousand year old designs that are being rediscovered and will be adapted to modern lifestyle and to your personal needs while respecting a more sustainable lifestyle. Well-thought energy efficient concepts are important as they can reduce the energy necessity of your home to zero, something that is much harder to achieve with retrofitting of an existing building.<br />
The aims behind sustainability of environment are the minimum consumption of energy sources; use of recycled materials; entirely recycled material wasted; protection and supply of energy and recycling it without creating pollutions. Given the points mentioned above, a sustainable building that has the least adverse effect on the natural structure and environment over its life cycle and as long as it is locally and internationally located and well- established. A number of principles is to be observed and obeyed while we plan a building in a sustainable way:
1- recognition of location: A sustainable planning is contingent upon a location that can be identified because if we show sensitivity to local nuanced issues, we can occupy it without destroying it. This identification or recognition contributes significantly and considerably to the development of architecture up to sustainability both given its performance features and given climatic and weather considerations.
2. The relationship between architecture and nature: this relationship can be followed by the recovered environmental life and an encouragement to revert to this mode of living.
3. Gaining good knowledge of environmental effects: their negative affects can be minimized by drawing upon technology and architectural strategies.
University  of Melbourne Square building- has won a Sustainable Architecture award at the Royal Australian Institute of Architects' 2002 Victorian Architecture Awards. The University Square building, on the corner of Grattan and Barry Streets, houses Australia's first large-scale, building-integrated photovoltaic solar power generation project.
The consistency and harmonization of a building with a climate constitute an important principle of a sustainable architecture. One more thing observable in this mode of architecture is that the use of fossilized fuel reserves has been minimized by virtue of
Appropriate designing of building and the requirements are so parsed that no damage would be laid on the resources belonging to the coming generations. It may be said that the newly- initiated strategies for supplying energies to the buildings are likely the variously important parameters that help achieve the aims to establish a sustainable development.

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