The concept of sustainable development that was commonly used in the world s scientific communities is termed as one of quality and tends to handle the qualities of life; Its aim is also to enhance the standards of living for the successors.
A notion of sustainable development possesses deep contents in three ranges: 1. Environmental sustainability 2. Economic sustainability 3.Social sustainability.
In order to realize these aims of sustainable development, it is necessary to attach much importance to it if it is interacted to architecture. It is obvious that the ecological problems have made the architects find a remedy to prevent the threats of these problems from endangering man s future. The notion of a sustainable environment is to sustain the earth to the coming generations in its best form. According to this definition, the human practices can be sustained only when they would be carried out without any loss or dimination of natural resources or degraded environment.
The aims behind sustainability of environment are the minimum consumption of energy sources; use of recycled materials; entirely recycled material wasted; protection and supply of energy and recycling it without creating pollutions. Given the points mentioned above, a sustainable building that has the least adverse effect on the natural structure and environment over its life cycle and as long as it is locally and internationally located and well- established. A number of principles is to be observed and obeyed while we plan a building in a sustainable way:
1- recognition of location: A sustainable planning is contingent upon a location that can be identified because if we show sensitivity to local nuanced issues, we can occupy it without destroying it. This identification or recognition contributes significantly and considerably to the development of architecture up to sustainability both given its performance features and given climatic and weather considerations.
2. The relationship between architecture and nature: this relationship can be followed by the recovered environmental life and an encouragement to revert to this mode of living.
3. Gaining good knowledge of environmental effects: their negative affects can be minimized by drawing upon technology and architectural strategies.
The consistency and harmonization of a building with a climate constitute an important principle of a sustainable architecture. One more thing observable in this mode of architecture is that the use of fossilized fuel reserves has been minimized by virtue of
Appropriate designing of building and the requirements are so parsed that no damage would be laid on the resources belonging to the coming generations. It may be said that the newly- initiated strategies for supplying energies to the buildings are likely the variously important parameters that help achieve the aims to establish a sustainable development.